Modelling Water Consumption Efficiency Based on Perlis State Soil Series

Authors

  • Sunny Goh Eng Giap Hydrology and Water Resources Research Interest Group, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Noranizam bin Mohd Sahil Department of Agriculture Malaysia, Soil Resources Management, Division, Aras 9, Wisma Tani, Blok 4G2, No. 30, Persiaran Perdana, Presint 4, 62624 Putrajaya, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Fadhli Ahmad Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Nurul Ameera Mohammad Rasid Section of Paddy, Industrial Crops and Floriculture, Department of Agriculture, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Rudiyanto Program of Crop Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Food Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Roslaili Abdul Aziz Faculty of Chemical Engineering Technology, University Malaysia Perlis, Kompleks Taman Muhibbah, Jejawi, 02600 Arau Perlis, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/araset.28.1.2532

Keywords:

Crop plantation, water conservation, water-saving, water irrigation, Perlis cropland

Abstract

Water is a limited resource for Perlis state. Domestically, meeting the water supply in the state requires improving the current supply facility and repairing water leakages in the supply system. However, an even more important aspect of water resources management is the water consumption from agricultural activities such as the over-irrigation in the crop field. This study identifies the soil series of Perlis state, determines its soil textures, estimates the field capacity, permanent wilting point, and plant available water. Additionally, the water infiltration studies were carried out. Results showed there were ten soil series present in the state, and this soil can be categorized by four soil textures that the clay soil texture dominates in seven soil series. Fully saturated soil in the Perlis state potentially losses 27-56% of its soil moisture content drains by gravity, which is unavailable to crop consumption, hence, wastage. An estimated 1.7 x 10-4 to 2.1 x 10-3 m/s water infiltration rate over the soil depths from 0.15-1.5 m. Knowing the soil surface area for the crop field allows the estimate of water volume needed in a unit time needed for storage tank estimation and distribution system designs. The water requirement increases by including the water evaporation rate into the water infiltration rate.

Author Biographies

Sunny Goh Eng Giap, Hydrology and Water Resources Research Interest Group, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

sunnyg@umt.edu.my

Noranizam bin Mohd Sahil, Department of Agriculture Malaysia, Soil Resources Management, Division, Aras 9, Wisma Tani, Blok 4G2, No. 30, Persiaran Perdana, Presint 4, 62624 Putrajaya, Malaysia

noranizam@doa.gov.my

Mohammad Fadhli Ahmad, Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

fadhli@umt.edu.my

Nurul Ameera Mohammad Rasid, Section of Paddy, Industrial Crops and Floriculture, Department of Agriculture, Terengganu, Malaysia

ameera.doa@gov.my

Rudiyanto, Program of Crop Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Food Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

rudiyanto@umt.edu.my

Roslaili Abdul Aziz, Faculty of Chemical Engineering Technology, University Malaysia Perlis, Kompleks Taman Muhibbah, Jejawi, 02600 Arau Perlis, Malaysia

roslaili@unimap.edu.my

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Published

2022-09-14

How to Cite

Sunny Goh Eng Giap, Noranizam bin Mohd Sahil, Mohammad Fadhli Ahmad, Nurul Ameera Mohammad Rasid, Rudiyanto, & Roslaili Abdul Aziz. (2022). Modelling Water Consumption Efficiency Based on Perlis State Soil Series . Journal of Advanced Research in Applied Sciences and Engineering Technology, 28(1), 25–32. https://doi.org/10.37934/araset.28.1.2532

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Articles