Flow and Heat Transfer of MHD Dusty Nanofluid Toward Moving Plate with Convective Boundary Condition
Keywords:MHD, Dusty fluid, Nanofluid, Moving plate, Convective boundary condition
This paper considers the flow and heat transfer characteristics of dusty nanofluid over a moving plate in the presence of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) with convective boundary condition. Two types of nanofluid namely CuO-water and Al2O3-water permeated with dust particles are considered. The governing partial differential equations are converted into a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations using similarity transformation, then the non-linear ordinary differential equations are solved using shooting method with fourth-fifth order Runge-Kutta Fehlberg method (RKF45). The influence of non-dimensional governing parameters such as velocity ratio parameter, magnetic field parameter, volume fraction of the nanoparticle, volume fraction of the dust particle, mass concentration of the dust particle, fluid particle interaction parameter for velocity, fluid particle interaction parameter for temperature and Biot number on the velocity and temperature profiles for fluid and dust phases of CuO-water and Al2O3-water dusty nanofluids are discussed and presented through graphs. The skin friction coefficient and Nusselt number are discussed and presented in tabular form.