Land Clearing, Preparation and Drone Monitoring using Red-Green-Blue (RGB) and Thermal Imagery for Smart Durian Orchard Management Project

Authors

  • Ahmad Anas Yusof Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Khairi Mohamed Nor Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nur Latif Azyze Mohd Shaari Azyze Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Anuar Mohamed Kassim Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Shamsul Anuar Shamsudin Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Hamdan Sulaiman Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology (FPA), Universiti Teknologi MARA Kampus Jasin, 77300 Merlimau, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Aswad Hanafi Halydin Solutions. L1-S039, KIP Mart Melaka, Jalan Tun Fatimah, 75350 Melaka, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.91.1.115128

Keywords:

Drones, Precision Agriculture, Photogrammetry, Thermal Imagery

Abstract

Malaysia's agricultural activity is progressing toward the use of precision agriculture and Internet of Things (IoT) technology as the country moves forward with the adoption of Industrial Revolution 4.0. As a result, a novel approach based on spatial and thermal analysis is proposed and presented, along with a low-cost thermal and photogrammetric modelling workflow. As a result, the purpose of this project is to monitor durian orchards using drones equipped with thermal and red-green-blue (RGB) digital cameras. Thermal maps are presented to demonstrate the relationship between vegetation and soil temperature, and digital imagery from an early stage of preparation in the orchard is analysed for overall management system improvement. The findings indicate that the uneven ground surface of the orchard may have an effect on the irrigation system and crop yield production. Thermal imaging also reveals variations in soil temperature that are related to soil humidity. A well-managed orchard is essential for ensuring that the crop grows in a healthy state.  The data acquisition and processing part of this workflow are being tested in Alor Gajah Smart Durian Orchard Management Project, Melaka, Malaysia.

Author Biographies

Ahmad Anas Yusof, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

anas@utem.edu.my

Mohd Khairi Mohamed Nor, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

khairi@utem.edu.my

Nur Latif Azyze Mohd Shaari Azyze, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

latifazyze@utem.edu.my

Anuar Mohamed Kassim, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

anuar@utem.edu.my

Shamsul Anuar Shamsudin, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

shamanuar@utem.edu.my

Hamdan Sulaiman, Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology (FPA), Universiti Teknologi MARA Kampus Jasin, 77300 Merlimau, Melaka, Malaysia

hamdan91821@gmail.com

Mohd Aswad Hanafi, Halydin Solutions. L1-S039, KIP Mart Melaka, Jalan Tun Fatimah, 75350 Melaka, Malaysia

halydinsolutions@gmail.com

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Published

2022-01-20

How to Cite

Ahmad Anas Yusof, Mohd Khairi Mohamed Nor, Nur Latif Azyze Mohd Shaari Azyze, Anuar Mohamed Kassim, Shamsul Anuar Shamsudin, Hamdan Sulaiman, & Mohd Aswad Hanafi. (2022). Land Clearing, Preparation and Drone Monitoring using Red-Green-Blue (RGB) and Thermal Imagery for Smart Durian Orchard Management Project. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 91(1), 115–128. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.91.1.115128

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