Information For Authors
Manuscripts submitted to the journal must be original work that has not been published or under
consideration for publication elsewhere. The manuscript must be written in good English or Malay and
should be no more than 20 pages in length inclusive of tables, figures and illustrations. All
submissions will be peer reviewed. Each submission must include a short cover letter that clearly
states the significance of the work presented in their manuscript. The abstract and conclusions
section must also highlight what is new and/or novel in the paper.
Conflict of Interest
All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial,
personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the
submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.
Please submit, with the manuscript, the names, addresses and e-mail addresses of three potential
referees. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers
Research Articles presents original research that is expected to present a major advancement and
contribution to the body of knowledge or the particular area. Research Articles follows the format
provided in the guide to authors. The content includes an abstract, an introduction, materials and
methods, results and discussion and conclusion. The supplementary materials that support the
paper’s conclusions are welcomed.
As far as possible, manuscripts should consist of the following sections: Introduction, Materials and
Methods, Results and Discussion, and Conclusion. Each section and sub-section should be numbered
using the Arabic numerals. Please use S1 Units for all scientific and laboratory data.
Subdivision – Numbered Sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1
(then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this
numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’. Any subsection may be
given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
When you submit your article to a journal, you need to include a cover letter. Here is an example of a
“[write journal’s title here, ex:CFD Letters (CFDL)]”
Subject: Submission of [Review Article, Original Article, Short Report, Case Series, Case Report, Letter
to Editors], titled, ” [Type or copy/paste here the title of the manuscript] “.
We are submitting a [Review Article, Original Article, Short Report, Case Series, Case Report, Letter to
Editors], titled ” [Type or copy/paste here the title of the manuscript] ” for consideration for
publication in ” CFD Letters” (CFDL).
I, [Insert name of the corresponding author here] (Corresponding author) certify that:
* The manuscript is original work of all authors.
* All authors made a significant contribution to this study.
* This manuscript has not been submitted for publication and has not been published in any other
* All authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Potential reviewers for this submission are: [Please suggest three potential reviewers with their emails]
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR DETAILS
Complete Mailing Address
Contact Phone Number: [Country prefix followed by full phone number] Contact Email:
Fax number: [Country prefix followed by full fax number] Title
Manuscripts should be headed by a concise title. Please include the full name(s) of the author(s),
complete mailing address, telephone and fax numbers as well as e-mail address. In case of multiple
authorship, please indicate the main author to whom all correspondence concerning the paper should
Author Names and Affiliations
Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present
the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all
affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the
appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name
and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also postpublication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the
e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of
the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first
mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Abstracts should not more than 200 words and written in English. The abstract should not only
indicate the subject and scope of the paper but also summarize the principal results and
major conclusion along with at least three (3) keywords that could be useful for information – retrieval
purposes. References should be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference
to the reference list. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if
essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature
survey or a summary of the results.
Methods and Protocols
Methods and Protocols are proposal of new or an overviews of recent technical and methodological
developments. Articles should present a new experimental, engineering, scientific or computational
method, test or procedure. The method described may either be completely new, or may offer a
better version of an existing method. Methods must be proven by its validation, its application to an
important research question and results illustrating its performance in comparison to existing
approaches. Articles should possess thorough assessments of methodological performance and
comprehensive technical descriptions that facilitate immediate application by researchers in the field.
All tables should be kept simple and clear, and should be referred to in the text. They should be
numbered, titled, and typed using double spacing on separate pages in the order of which they are
referred to in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with
superscript lowercase letters.
Illustrations including diagrams and graphs should be sharp, noise free and of good contrast. They
should accompany the manuscript on separate sheets and numbered consecutively in the same order
as they are referred to in the text. Line drawings should be in black ink on a white background and
lettering size must be large enough to permit legible reduction whenever necessary.
Mathematical Notation and Equations
All equations must be clearly typed, tripled-space and should be identified or numbered
accordingly. Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/)
instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms. In principle, variables are to be presented in
italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations
that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results
and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand
alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
A brief acknowledgment should be included at the end of the manuscripts, before the list of
references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing
language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the
manuscript. In the text make references using a number in square brackets on the line (e.g. “Since
Ahmad  has shown?”) and the full reference should be given in a numerical list at the end of the
References should be styled and punctuated according to the following examples (Chicago style):
journal article ; book ; proceedings .
 Chen, Shiyi, and Gary D. Doolen. “Lattice Boltzmann method for fluid flows.” Annual review of
fluid mechanics 30, no. 1 (1998): 329-364.
 Bejan, Adrian. Convection heat transfer. John wiley & sons, 2013.
 Tamura, I., Y. Tomota, and M. Ozawa. “Strength and ductility of Fe-Ni-C alloys composed of
austenite and martensite with various strengths.” In Proc. Conf. on Microstructure and Design of
Alloys, Institute of Metals and Iron and Steel Institute, London. 1973, 1,(129), 611-615. 1973.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in
appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix,
Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS
Office files) and with the correct resolution.
Copyright of articles belongs exclusively to Penerbit Akademia Baru. This copyright covers the rights
to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions or any other reproductions of
The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal
for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item. Ensure that the
following items are present:
(1) One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
• E-mail address
• Full postal address
• Phone numbers
(2) All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
• All figure captions
• All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
(3) Further considerations
• Manuscript has been ‘spell-checked’ and ‘grammar-checked’
• References are in the correct format for this journal
• All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources
• Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web