Preliminary Study on Student’s Performance and Thermal Comfort in Classroom

Authors

  • Chong Zi Yao Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Nor Azhari Nor Azli Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia
  • Azian Hariri Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia
  • Amir Abdullah Muhamad Damanhuri Faculty of Engineering Technology Mechanical and Manufacturing, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Syafiq Syazwan Mustafa Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), UTHM Pagoh Campus, Pagoh Higher Education Hub, Km 1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Panchor, Johor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.101.1.5972

Keywords:

Classroom, thermal comfort, thermal perception, learning performance

Abstract

In Malaysia, students spend up to 33% of their day in classrooms and school buildings. Previous research had shown that thermal comfort conditions in educational buildings can stimulate student productivity. This study aimed to preliminary investigate the relationship between thermal sensation and student performance in the classroom. Data collection was conducted in a selected classroom at a secondary school in Segamat, Johor. All data were collected for three days. Physical measurement data were taken using thermal comfort equipment, KIMO AMI 310 for indoor measurement (air temperature, mean radiant temperature, air velocity, relative humidity), and TSI VelociCalc for outdoor measurement (air temperature, relative humidity). The thermal comfort satisfaction questionnaire was distributed to 36 students in the classroom. The learning performance was assessed through a simple reaction test and digit span test based on the WHO Neurobehavioral Core Test Battery (NCTB) method. The results of the thermal comfort satisfaction questionnaire clearly showed that the lower the fan speed, the more students preferred the cooler option. Furthermore, students performed better when the fan speed was increased. Based on the correlation analysis, it can be concluded that the learning performance and thermal preference vote (TPV) are positively correlated. As a result, students tend to get higher scores when they feel cooler. This study provides important preliminary information on classroom conditions in secondary schools in Malaysia and provides a better understanding of the relationship between thermal perception and student learning performance in the classroom.

Author Biographies

Chong Zi Yao, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia

ad180217@siswa.uthm.edu.my

Mohamad Nor Azhari Nor Azli, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia

azhari.uthm@gmail.com

Azian Hariri, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia

azian@uthm.edu.my

Amir Abdullah Muhamad Damanhuri, Faculty of Engineering Technology Mechanical and Manufacturing, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

amir.abdullah@utem.edu.my

Mohd Syafiq Syazwan Mustafa, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), UTHM Pagoh Campus, Pagoh Higher Education Hub, Km 1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Panchor, Johor, Malaysia

mohdsyafiq@uthm.edu.my

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Published

2023-01-15

How to Cite

Chong Zi Yao, Mohamad Nor Azhari Nor Azli, Azian Hariri, Amir Abdullah Muhamad Damanhuri, & Mohd Syafiq Syazwan Mustafa. (2023). Preliminary Study on Student’s Performance and Thermal Comfort in Classroom. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 101(1), 59–72. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.101.1.5972

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