Optimization of Reaction Typed Water Turbine in Very Low Head Water Resources for Pico Hydro

Authors

  • Mohd Farriz Basar Department of Electrical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nurul Ashikin M Rais Department of Electrical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Azhan Ab Rahman Department of Electrical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Wan Azani Mustafa Faculty of Electrical Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Pauh Putra Campus, Arau, 02600, Malaysia
  • Kamaruzzaman Sopian Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Kaifui V. Wong Mechanical and Aerospace Department, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.90.1.2339

Keywords:

Low flow, low head, pico-hydro, reaction turbine, Z-blade

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to investigate the dominant parameters that influence the optimum performance of reaction typed turbine at very low water head. The concepts of conservation of mass, momentum and energy are utilised to explore performance characteristics using a graphical technique. Parametric analysis of the governing equation and experimental results were performed to show that the turbine diameter and nozzle exit area has a dynamic response to mass flow rate, angular speed, output power and efficiency. Depending on the nozzle diameter of (0.01 m, 0.006 m, and 0.008 m) and turbine pipe size with (diameter of 0.025 m and 0.015 m), six versions of prototype turbine Z-blade turbine were produced. All the turbines have been tested at 100 kPa static water pressures and below. According to a variety of experimental data for all types of turbines, the turbine diameter and nozzle exit area have a substantial impact on turbine performance, especially at high water heads. Despite differences in turbine length and nozzle exit area, more than 90 % of the pattern curves for rotational speed, water flow rate, and mechanical power were identical. Overall, the Z-blade turbine Type B outperforms, resulting in higher turbine efficiency at low head and low flow water condition.

Author Biographies

Mohd Farriz Basar, Department of Electrical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

mfarriz@utem.edu.my

Nurul Ashikin M Rais, Department of Electrical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nurulashikin@utem.edu.my

Azhan Ab Rahman, Department of Electrical Engineering Technology, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

azhanrahman@utem.edu.my

Wan Azani Mustafa, Faculty of Electrical Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Pauh Putra Campus, Arau, 02600, Malaysia

azani.mustafa@gmail.com

Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

ksopian@ukm.edu.my

Kaifui V. Wong, Mechanical and Aerospace Department, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA

hazana.hazana@gmail.com

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Published

2022-01-01

How to Cite

Mohd Farriz Basar, M Rais, N. A. ., Azhan Ab Rahman, Wan Azani Mustafa, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, & Kaifui V. Wong. (2022). Optimization of Reaction Typed Water Turbine in Very Low Head Water Resources for Pico Hydro. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 90(1), 23–39. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.90.1.2339

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