Investigation and Analysis of R438A as an Alternative Refrigerant to R22 with Lower Global Warming Potential
Keywords:hydrocarbon refrigerant, refrigeration system, energy technology, environmentally friendly
This research presents the R438A refrigerant that non-flammable refrigerant and develop for retrofit to R404A. The hydrofluorocarbons/hydrocarbon (HFCs/HCs) R463A (GWP=2,265) was zeotropic mixture of R125 (45%), R134a (44.2%), R32 (8.5%), R600 (1.7%) and R600a (0.6%). The R463A refrigerants is no frame propagation class A1 and lower toxicity and used polyol ester oil (POE). The results will investigation and analysis of the environmentally friendly refrigerant for R22 replacement. All refrigerant properties in this research were based on results from the REFPROP and CYCLE_D-HX software of NIST under CAN/ANSI/AHRI540. The results of this work show that HCs R170, R290, R600, R600a, R601, R601a, R1150 and R1270 can be mixed in HFCs R417A, R417B, R422A, R422B, R422C, R422D, R424A, R437A, R438A and R453A and able to be further developed in the future. All refrigerants are non-flammable refrigerants, non-toxic and zero ODP. The R438A mixed with HCs R600 (1.7%) and R601a (0.6%) and is the refrigerant cooling coefficient of performance close to that of R22 refrigerant. In conclusion, it can be used as an environmentally friendly and energy efficiency replacement for R22. The result of R438A normal boiling was lower than R404A 4% that high cooling capacity and zero ODP. All refrigerants are also refrigerants that are matched with the 4th generation refrigerants with the use of natural refrigerants.