Analytical Assessment of Blended Fuels for Pulse Detonation Engine Performance

Authors

  • Mahammadsalman Warimani Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Hanafi Azami Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Sher Afghan Khan Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Faris Ismail Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Sanisah Saharin Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Kamal Ariffin Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Vijaykumar Chavan Department of Mechanical Engineering, Smt. Kamala & Sri Venkappa M. Agadi College of Engineering & Technology, Karnataka, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.93.2.116

Keywords:

Pulse detonation engine, alternative fuels, blended fuels, analytical methods, ZND model, detonation parameter

Abstract

A pulse detonation engine (PDE) is possible to be a next-generation high-performance propulsion system in aerospace-related applications. To generate power or thrust, PDE uses repeated detonations. The current study evaluates the PDE performance with alternative and blended fuels in the Zeldovich–von Neumann–Doring (ZND) model. Parameters such as temperature ratio, pressure ratio, detonation velocity, and specific impulse were determined analytically for the fuels. The computed detonation parameters and specific impulse were compared with those available in NASA’s open-source program, Chemical Equilibrium with Applications (CEA), to ensure the results' sufficient validity. It was found that the highest specific impulse was achieved with hydrogen at an equivalence ratio of 1. Analytical values of all the parameters were in an acceptable range as defined by NASA CEA. As compared to pure butane and propane, their blends yielded higher values (1 to 10 percent) of specific impulse. Propane and butane are safe, non-toxic, clean-burning fuels, great energy sources, and can be used as alternative fuels in PDE.

Author Biographies

Mahammadsalman Warimani, Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

warimaniheera@gmail.com

Muhammad Hanafi Azami, Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

hanafiazami@iium.edu.my

Sher Afghan Khan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

sakhan06@gmail.com

Ahmad Faris Ismail, Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

faris@iium.edu.my

Sanisah Saharin, Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

sanisah@iium.edu.my

Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

kamal3@ukm.edu.my

Vijaykumar Chavan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Smt. Kamala & Sri Venkappa M. Agadi College of Engineering & Technology, Karnataka, India

v.vijaykumar100@gmail.com

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Published

2022-03-15

How to Cite

Mahammadsalman Warimani, Muhammad Hanafi Azami, Sher Afghan Khan, Ahmad Faris Ismail, Sanisah Saharin, Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, & Vijaykumar Chavan. (2022). Analytical Assessment of Blended Fuels for Pulse Detonation Engine Performance. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 93(2), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.93.2.116

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