Effects of Thermal Annealing on The Morphology and Structural Characteristics of Zinc Oxide Nanopowders for Triboelectric Nanogenerator Applications

Authors

  • Dayana Kamaruzaman NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), School of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Hafiz Mamat NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), School of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nurul Izzati Kamal Ariffin NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), School of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • A Shamsul Rahimi A Subki Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Hanapiah Abdullah Centre for Electrical Engineering Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Norfarariyanti Parimon Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Muhamad Kamil Yaakob Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Firdaus Malek NANO-SciTech Lab (NST), Centre for Functional Materials and Nanotechnology, Institute of Science (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Itreesh Basha Shameem Banu School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science & Technology, Vandalur, Chennai 600 048, India
  • Nagamalai Vasimalai School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science & Technology, Vandalur, Chennai 600 048, India
  • Suriani Abu Bakar Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjung Malim, Malaysia
  • Azmi Mohamed Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjung Malim, Malaysia
  • Mohd Khairul Ahmad Microelectronic and Nanotechnology-Shamsuddin Research Centre, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Rusop Mahmood NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), School of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.99.1.1727

Keywords:

Triboelectricity, nanogenerator, zinc oxide, immersion

Abstract

The influence of thermal annealing on the surface morphologies and structural characteristics of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanopowders synthesized via the solution immersion method for triboelectric nanogenerator applications is reported in this paper. The ZnO nanopowders were thermally treated at different temperatures of annealing in the ranges between 300°C to 700°C for 1 hour, and their surface morphologies and structural properties were studied using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The ZnO nanopowders have a polycrystalline, hexagonal wurtzite structure and are composed of ZnO nanoparticles and hexagonal nanorods. ZnO based tribolectric nanogenerators were fabricated with these nanopowders and their performance was assessed in terms of the output voltage. It is found that the ZnO based triboelectric nanogenerator fabricated with ZnO nanopowders annealed at 500°C has superior performance compared with the other nanogenerators, with an average output voltage of 1.95 V. This corresponds to a fourfold increase in output voltage relative to that of the ZnO based triboelectric nanogenerator fabricated with as-deposited ZnO nanopowders. In conclusion, thermal annealing significantly influences particle size and crystallinity of ZnO nanopowders, which in turn, influences the output voltage of ZnO based triboelectric nanogenerators.

Author Biographies

Dayana Kamaruzaman, NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), School of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

dayana620@uitm.edu.my

Mohamad Hafiz Mamat, NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), School of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

mhmamat@uitm.edu.my

Nurul Izzati Kamal Ariffin, NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), School of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

izzati.kaa@gmail.com

A Shamsul Rahimi A Subki, Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

shamsulrahimi@utem.edu.my

Mohd Hanapiah Abdullah, Centre for Electrical Engineering Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

hanapiah801@uitm.edu.my

Norfarariyanti Parimon, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

fara2012@ums.edu.my

Muhamad Kamil Yaakob, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

muhamadkamil@uitm.edu.my

Mohd Firdaus Malek, NANO-SciTech Lab (NST), Centre for Functional Materials and Nanotechnology, Institute of Science (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

mfmalek07@uitm.edu.my

Itreesh Basha Shameem Banu, School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science & Technology, Vandalur, Chennai 600 048, India

shameembanu@crescent.education

Nagamalai Vasimalai, School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science & Technology, Vandalur, Chennai 600 048, India

vasimalai2020@gmail.com

Suriani Abu Bakar, Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjung Malim, Malaysia

suriani@fsmt.upsi.edu.my

Azmi Mohamed, Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjung Malim, Malaysia

azmi.mohamed@fsmt.upsi.edu.my

Mohd Khairul Ahmad, Microelectronic and Nanotechnology-Shamsuddin Research Centre, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Malaysia

akhairul@uthm.edu.my

Mohamad Rusop Mahmood, NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), School of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

rusop@uitm.edu.my

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Published

2022-08-24

How to Cite

Dayana Kamaruzaman, Mohamad Hafiz Mamat, Nurul Izzati Kamal Ariffin, A Shamsul Rahimi A Subki, Mohd Hanapiah Abdullah, Norfarariyanti Parimon, Muhamad Kamil Yaakob, Mohd Firdaus Malek, Itreesh Basha Shameem Banu, Nagamalai Vasimalai, Suriani Abu Bakar, Azmi Mohamed, Mohd Khairul Ahmad, & Mohamad Rusop Mahmood. (2022). Effects of Thermal Annealing on The Morphology and Structural Characteristics of Zinc Oxide Nanopowders for Triboelectric Nanogenerator Applications. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 99(1), 17–27. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.99.1.1727

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