Hybrid Nanofluid on Mixed Convection Flow Past a Stretching Sheet with Irregular Heat Source/Sink

Authors

  • ‘Afifah Filza Ahmad Rubaa’i Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Noraihan Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi, Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Lim Yeou Jiann Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Sharidan Shafie Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Anati Ali Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/cfdl.14.12.7583

Keywords:

Unsteady flow, Heat transfer, Hybrid nanofluid, non-uniform heat source and sin

Abstract

This research studies the behaviour of hybrid nanofluid on mixed convection flow over a stretching sheet by considering the effect of non-uniform heat source/sink. The chosen base fluid is water with two different nanoparticles which are copper and aluminium oxide. The governing partial differential equations are reduced into ordinary differential equations using a similarity transformation technique. The resulting governing system then solved numerically using Keller-box method. The influence of space- and temperature-dependents of non-uniform heat source and sink parameters as well as the unsteadiness parameter is presented graphically. The current study shows that, the space- and temperature dependents of non-uniform heat source and sink significantly raises the fluid’s temperature. Comparative study also shows that hybrid nanofluid has higher temperature and heat transfer coefficient than single nanofluid and conventional fluid. It can also be concluded that, the enhancement of heat transfer rate can be achieved by reducing the parameter of space- and temperature dependents of non-uniform heat source and sink.

Author Biographies

‘Afifah Filza Ahmad Rubaa’i , Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

afifahfilza1910@gmail.com

Noraihan, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi, Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

noraihanafiqah@utm.my

Lim Yeou Jiann, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

jiann@utm.my

Sharidan Shafie, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

sharidan@utm.my

Anati Ali, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

anati@utm.my

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Published

2022-11-22

How to Cite

‘Afifah Filza Ahmad Rubaa’i, Noraihan, Lim Yeou Jiann, Sharidan Shafie, & Anati Ali. (2022). Hybrid Nanofluid on Mixed Convection Flow Past a Stretching Sheet with Irregular Heat Source/Sink . CFD Letters, 14(12), 75–83. https://doi.org/10.37934/cfdl.14.12.7583

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