Performance Analysis on a New Design of Blade Shape for Savonius Wind Turbine

Authors

  • Syahreen Nurmutia Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Bukhari Manshoor Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Amir Khalid Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Izzuddin Zaman Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Djamal Hissein Didane Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Reazul Haq Abdul Haq Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Fahmi Abdul Ghafir Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Yudi Yuliyus Maulana Fakultas Teknik and MIPA, Universitas Pamulang, Tangerang Selatan, Banten, Indonesia
  • Abdul Rafeq Saleman Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Christin Rothe Institute for Regenerative Energy Technology (in.RET), Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences, Nordhausen, Germany
  • Mohd Nizam Ibrahim Maxpirations (M) Sdn Bhd, Sura Gate Commercial Centre, Dungun, Terengganu, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.108.1.173183

Keywords:

M Power coefficient, renewable energy, Savonius wind turbine, vertical axis, wind energy

Abstract

Drag-type vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) is well known as a potential and reliable in the development of a wind energy system. Its advantages attract world attention due to its simple geometry design and significantly cheaper to build compared to a horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT). The present study will consider the essential geometry improvement of the Savonius rotor, where the profile of the blade was made in the form of a half-cylinder. Numerical simulation was conducted to study the effect of geometrical setup on the performance of the rotor in terms of the coefficient of power, coefficient of torque and power output. The model was designed according to the existing tested model by experimental work, except for the inner surface blade which uses an overlap ratio of 0.2. Different wind speeds of 6 m/s, 8 m/s and 10 m/s were used for the simulation to analyze the behaviour of properties of the new design blade. According to the results obtained, it shows that the power coefficient for the new design of the inner blade was increased by 20% compared to the previous design. The power output of the wind turbine reaches the maximum power in the middle of the tip speed ratio for all types of wind speeds. This is because the power coefficient will start to fall off after reaching the maximum electrical power produced. Besides, it is due to the limit of the blade performance which will keep the blade from rotating too fast and avoiding damage due to excessive force.

Author Biographies

Syahreen Nurmutia, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

GD220022@student.uthm.edu.my

Bukhari Manshoor, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

bukhari@uthm.edu.my

Amir Khalid, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

amirk@uthm.edu.my

Izzuddin Zaman, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

izzuddin@uthm.edu.my

Djamal Hissein Didane, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

djamal@uthm.edu.my

Reazul Haq Abdul Haq, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

reazul@uthm.edu.my

Mohammad Fahmi Abdul Ghafir, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

fahmi@uthm.edu.my

Yudi Yuliyus Maulana, Fakultas Teknik and MIPA, Universitas Pamulang, Tangerang Selatan, Banten, Indonesia

HD220007@student.uthm.edu.my

Abdul Rafeq Saleman, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

rafeq@utem.edu.my

Christin Rothe, Institute for Regenerative Energy Technology (in.RET), Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences, Nordhausen, Germany

GD220029@student.uthm.edu.my

Mohd Nizam Ibrahim, Maxpirations (M) Sdn Bhd, Sura Gate Commercial Centre, Dungun, Terengganu, Malaysia

nizam@maxp.com.my

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Published

2023-09-28

How to Cite

Syahreen Nurmutia, Bukhari Manshoor, Amir Khalid, Izzuddin Zaman, Djamal Hissein Didane, Reazul Haq Abdul Haq, Mohammad Fahmi Abdul Ghafir, Yudi Yuliyus Maulana, Abdul Rafeq Saleman, Christin Rothe, & Mohd Nizam Ibrahim. (2023). Performance Analysis on a New Design of Blade Shape for Savonius Wind Turbine. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 108(1), 173–183. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.108.1.173183

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