Water Absorption and Environmental Properties of Thermoplastic Cassava Starch Reinforced with Durian Skin Fiber

Authors

  • Ridhwan Jumaidin Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Jowel Wong Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Alia Ruzanna Aziz Technology Innovation Institute (TII), Advanced Materials Research Centre, PO Box 9639, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  • Meysam Keshavarz The Hamlyn Centre, Institute of Global Health Innovation, Imperial College London, Bessemer Building, South Kensington Campus, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
  • Tuan Suhaimi Salleh Bahagian Inovasi, Penyelidikan dan Pembangunan Kejuruteraan, Pusat Kecemerlangan Kejuruteraan dan Teknologi JKR (CREaTE), Jalan Kemus Simpang Ampat, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Rushdan Ahmad Ilyas School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
  • Fudhail Abdul Munir Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mastura Mohammad Taha Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nadlene Razali Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Abdul Rafeq Saleman Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Fuad Ab Ghani Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nuzaimah Mustafa Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nazri Huzaimi Zakaria Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Adrinata Shaharuzzaman Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Syahibudil Ikhwan Abdul Kudus Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Yuhazri Yaakob Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.96.2.115121

Keywords:

Thermoplastic starch, cogon grass, water absorption

Abstract

In recent, the efforts to reduce environmental pollution by developing biodegradable material has received wide interest. The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of durian skin fiber (DSF) on the properties of thermoplastic cassava starch (TPCS) matrix as the biodegradable material. The composites were prepared by using hot press technique to convert the starch into thermoplastic starch polymer. The effects of incorporating different amount of DSF (0-50 wt.%) on the matrix was evaluated using several testings, i.e., water absorptions, water solubility, thickness swelling, moisture content, biodegradation analysis and density measurement. The results show that incorporation of DSF has reduce the water absorption characteristic of the material. Thickness swelling of the sample were increase following the addition of DSF into the TPCS matrix, indicating improve environmentally friendly properties. Water solubility of the composites showed a decreasing trend with increasing DSF content. The morphology of the samples shows adhesion of fiber and matrix which indicates good compatibility between this component. Meanwhile, there is no apparent changes on the density of the composites following the incorporation of fiber. Overall, this finding shows that DSF has potential to improve the functional characteristics of TPCS matrix as alternative green material.

Author Biographies

Ridhwan Jumaidin, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

ridhwan@utem.edu.my

Jowel Wong, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

b071710672@student.utem.edu.my

Alia Ruzanna Aziz, Technology Innovation Institute (TII), Advanced Materials Research Centre, PO Box 9639, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

alia.aziz@tii.ae

Meysam Keshavarz, The Hamlyn Centre, Institute of Global Health Innovation, Imperial College London, Bessemer Building, South Kensington Campus, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom

keshavarz.meysam@gmail.com

Tuan Suhaimi Salleh, Bahagian Inovasi, Penyelidikan dan Pembangunan Kejuruteraan, Pusat Kecemerlangan Kejuruteraan dan Teknologi JKR (CREaTE), Jalan Kemus Simpang Ampat, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia

tsuhaimi@jkr.gov.my

Rushdan Ahmad Ilyas, School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia

ahmadilyas@utm.my

Fudhail Abdul Munir, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

fudhail@utem.edu.my

Mastura Mohammad Taha, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

mastura@utem.edu.my

Nadlene Razali, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nadlene@utem.edu.my

Abdul Rafeq Saleman, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

rafeq@utem.edu.my

Ahmad Fuad Ab Ghani, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

ahmadfuad@utem.edu.my

Nuzaimah Mustafa, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nuzaimah@utem.edu.my

Nazri Huzaimi Zakaria, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nazrihuzaimi@utem.edu.my

Mohd Adrinata Shaharuzzaman, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

adrinata@utem.edu.my

Syahibudil Ikhwan Abdul Kudus, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

syahibudil@utem.edu.my

Mohd Yuhazri Yaakob, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

yuhazri@utem.edu.my

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Published

2022-06-19

How to Cite

Ridhwan Jumaidin, Jowel Wong, Alia Ruzanna Aziz, Meysam Keshavarz, Tuan Suhaimi Salleh, Rushdan Ahmad Ilyas, Fudhail Abdul Munir, Mastura Mohammad Taha, Nadlene Razali, Abdul Rafeq Saleman, Ahmad Fuad Ab Ghani, Nuzaimah Mustafa, Nazri Huzaimi Zakaria, Mohd Adrinata Shaharuzzaman, Syahibudil Ikhwan Abdul Kudus, & Mohd Yuhazri Yaakob. (2022). Water Absorption and Environmental Properties of Thermoplastic Cassava Starch Reinforced with Durian Skin Fiber. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 96(2), 115–121. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.96.2.115121

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