Water Transport Properties of Thermoplastic Cassava Starch/Beeswax Reinforced with Cogon Grass Fiber

Authors

  • Ridhwan Jumaidin Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Raja Mohamad Fareeq R. Mohamad Faudzi Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Alia Ruzanna Aziz Technology Innovation Institute (TII), Advanced Materials Research Centre, PO Box 9639, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  • Meysam Keshavarz The Hamlyn Centre, Institute of Global Health Innovation, Imperial College London, Bessemer Building, South Kensington Campus, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
  • Tuan Suhaimi Salleh Bahagian Inovasi, Penyelidikan dan Pembangunan Kejuruteraan, Pusat Kecemerlangan Kejuruteraan dan Teknologi JKR (CREaTE), Jalan Kemus Simpang Ampat, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Rushdan Ahmad Ilyas School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
  • Fudhail Abdul Munir Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mastura Mohamad Taha Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nadlene Razali Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Abdul Rafeq Saleman Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Fuad Ab Ghani Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nuzaimah Mustafa Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nazri Huzaimi Zakaria Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Adrinata Shaharuzzaman Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Syahibudil Ikhwan Abdul Kudus Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Yuhazri Yaakob Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.95.2.5561

Keywords:

Thermoplastic starch, cogon grass, water absorption

Abstract

Starch is a renewable material and has advantage such as low cost, non-toxicity and biodegradable. Unfortunately, starch has limitations to commercial because of highly moisture sensitive and limited mechanical properties. Cogon grass is an aggressive weed but has potential to be used as reinforcement material for producing biodegradable polymer composite. The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of cogon grass fibre on the water transport properties of thermoplastic cassava starch/beeswax matrix. The biocomposites were prepared with various cogon grass fiber loading range from 10 to 40 wt.%. The physical properties of TPCS/Beeswax reinforced with cogon grass fiber were evaluated based on the water transport properties of the material. The result show that the moisture content and and water absorption of the sample decrease when the cogon grass fiber loading increase. This finding was accompanied with decrease in the thickness swelling of the samples, indicating better stability. Overall, the finding from the current study demonstrated that TPCS/Beeswax reinforced with cogon grass fiber has shown improvement in characteristic compared to the original material. In conclusion, TPCS/Beeswax reinforced with cogon grass fiber composite are potential alternative material for biodegradable product such as single-use product.

Author Biographies

Ridhwan Jumaidin, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

ridhwan@utem.edu.my

Raja Mohamad Fareeq R. Mohamad Faudzi, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

b071610855@student.utem.edu.my

Alia Ruzanna Aziz, Technology Innovation Institute (TII), Advanced Materials Research Centre, PO Box 9639, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

alia.aziz@tii.ae

Meysam Keshavarz, The Hamlyn Centre, Institute of Global Health Innovation, Imperial College London, Bessemer Building, South Kensington Campus, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom

keshavarz.meysam@gmail.com

Tuan Suhaimi Salleh, Bahagian Inovasi, Penyelidikan dan Pembangunan Kejuruteraan, Pusat Kecemerlangan Kejuruteraan dan Teknologi JKR (CREaTE), Jalan Kemus Simpang Ampat, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia

tsuhaimi@jkr.gov.my

Rushdan Ahmad Ilyas, School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia

ahmadilyas@utm.my

Fudhail Abdul Munir, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

fudhail@utem.edu.my

Mastura Mohamad Taha, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

mastura@utem.edu.my

Nadlene Razali, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nadlene@utem.edu.my

Abdul Rafeq Saleman, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

rafeq@utem.edu.my

Ahmad Fuad Ab Ghani, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

ahmadfuad@utem.edu.my

Nuzaimah Mustafa, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nuzaimah@utem.edu.my

Nazri Huzaimi Zakaria, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nazrihuzaimi@utem.edu.my

Mohd Adrinata Shaharuzzaman, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

adrinata@utem.edu.my

Syahibudil Ikhwan Abdul Kudus, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

syahibudil@utem.edu.my

Mohd Yuhazri Yaakob, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

yuhazri@utem.edu.my

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Published

2022-05-23

How to Cite

Ridhwan Jumaidin, R. Mohamad Faudzi, R. M. F., Alia Ruzanna Aziz, Meysam Keshavarz, Tuan Suhaimi Salleh, Rushdan Ahmad Ilyas, Fudhail Abdul Munir, Mohamad Taha, M., Razali, N., Abdul Rafeq Saleman, Ahmad Fuad Ab Ghani, Nuzaimah Mustafa, Nazri Huzaimi Zakaria, Mohd Adrinata Shaharuzzaman, Syahibudil Ikhwan Abdul Kudus, & Mohd Yuhazri Yaakob. (2022). Water Transport Properties of Thermoplastic Cassava Starch/Beeswax Reinforced with Cogon Grass Fiber. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 95(2), 55–61. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.95.2.5561

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