Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastic Cassava Starch/Beeswax Reinforced with Cogon Grass Fiber

Authors

  • Ridhwan Jumaidin Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Harith Hilman Abdul Halim Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Alia Ruzanna Aziz Technology Innovation Institute (TII), Advanced Materials Research Centre, PO Box 9639, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  • Meysam Keshavarz The Hamlyn Centre, Institute of Global Health Innovation, Imperial College London, Bessemer Building, South Kensington Campus, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
  • Tuan Suhaimi Salleh Bahagian Inovasi, Penyelidikan dan Pembangunan Kejuruteraan, Pusat Kecemerlangan Kejuruteraan dan Teknologi JKR (CREaTE), Jalan Kemus Simpang Ampat, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Rushdan Ahmad Ilyas School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
  • Fudhail Abdul Munir Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mastura Mohamad Taha Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nadlene Razali Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Abdul Rafeq Saleman Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Fuad Ab Ghani Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nuzaimah Mustafa Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nazri Huzaimi Zakaria Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Adrinata Shaharuzzaman Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Syahibudil Ikhwan Abdul Kudus Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Yuhazri Yaakob Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.96.1.5359

Keywords:

Thermoplastic starch, cogon grass, water absorption

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of cogon grass fiber (CGF) on the thermal and mechanical properties of thermoplastic cassava starch (TPCS)/beeswax matrix. The alteration of TPCS/beeswax reinforced with cogon grass fiber was performed by incorporating various amount of CGF (0,10,20,30,40 wt.%) into the polymer matrix. The samples were then evaluated using thermogravimetric analysis and tensile test. The findings showed that the thermal properties of the composite were slightly improved as the CGF content increase. The mechanical test showed that the tensile strength and tensile modulus increased with the addition of the CGF. However, the elongation at break showed a decreased pattern following the increasing content of CGF compared to the 0% of fiber content. In general, the findings from this study have shown that the TPCS/beeswax reinforced with the CGF composite has improved the functional properties of the composites compared to the TPCS matrix.

Author Biographies

Ridhwan Jumaidin, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

ridhwan@utem.edu.my

Harith Hilman Abdul Halim, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

harithhilman95@gmail.com

Alia Ruzanna Aziz, Technology Innovation Institute (TII), Advanced Materials Research Centre, PO Box 9639, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

alia.aziz@tii.ae

Meysam Keshavarz, The Hamlyn Centre, Institute of Global Health Innovation, Imperial College London, Bessemer Building, South Kensington Campus, Exhibition Road, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom

keshavarz.meysam@gmail.com

Tuan Suhaimi Salleh, Bahagian Inovasi, Penyelidikan dan Pembangunan Kejuruteraan, Pusat Kecemerlangan Kejuruteraan dan Teknologi JKR (CREaTE), Jalan Kemus Simpang Ampat, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia

tsuhaimi@jkr.gov.my

Rushdan Ahmad Ilyas, School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia

ahmadilyas@utm.my

Fudhail Abdul Munir, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

fudhail@utem.edu.my

Mastura Mohamad Taha, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

mastura@utem.edu.my

Nadlene Razali, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nadlene@utem.edu.my

Abdul Rafeq Saleman, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

rafeq@utem.edu.my

Ahmad Fuad Ab Ghani, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

ahmadfuad@utem.edu.my

Nuzaimah Mustafa, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nuzaimah@utem.edu.my

Nazri Huzaimi Zakaria, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

nazrihuzaimi@utem.edu.my

Mohd Adrinata Shaharuzzaman, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

adrinata@utem.edu.my

Syahibudil Ikhwan Abdul Kudus, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

syahibudil@utem.edu.my

Mohd Yuhazri Yaakob, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

yuhazri@utem.edu.my

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Published

2022-06-08

How to Cite

Ridhwan Jumaidin, Harith Hilman Abdul Halim, Alia Ruzanna Aziz, Meysam Keshavarz, Tuan Suhaimi Salleh, Rushdan Ahmad Ilyas, Fudhail Abdul Munir, Mohamad Taha, M., Nadlene Razali, Abdul Rafeq Saleman, Ahmad Fuad Ab Ghani, Nuzaimah Mustafa, Nazri Huzaimi Zakaria, Mohd Adrinata Shaharuzzaman, Syahibudil Ikhwan Abdul Kudus, & Mohd Yuhazri Yaakob. (2022). Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastic Cassava Starch/Beeswax Reinforced with Cogon Grass Fiber. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 96(1), 53–59. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.96.1.5359

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