Investigation of Nanoparticles Shape Effects on Aligned MHD Casson Nanofluid Flow and Heat Transfer with Convective Boundary Condition

Authors

  • Fazillah Bosli Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Kedah, 08400 Merbok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Alia Syafiqa Suhaimi Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Siti Shuhada Ishak Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Rijal Ilias Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Amirah Hazwani Abdul Rahim Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Kedah, 08400 Merbok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Anis Mardiana Ahmad Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Kedah, 08400 Merbok, Kedah, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.91.1.155171

Keywords:

Aligned MHD, Natural Convective Boundary Condition, Casson Nanofluid, Vertical Plate, Nanoparticles Shape

Abstract

This study focuses on the investigation of aligned MHD natural convection flow and heat transfer of a Casson nanofluid past a vertical plate with convective boundary condition.  Casson nanofluid are found in a wide range of commercial and technological applications, including dissolved polymers, biological solutions, paints, asphalts, and glues. The governing partial differential equations (PDE) is transformed to ordinary differential equations (ODE) by using similarity transformation. Keller box method is employed to numerically solve the transformed partial differential equations and then the system is solved by Fortran programming. The results for both the velocity and temperature profiles of Casson nanofluid as well as the skin friction and Nusselt number that are affected by nanoparticles shape factor considering parameters aligned angle of magnetic, interaction of magnetic field, volume fraction of nanoparticles, Local Grashof number, Casson parameter and Biot number are presented graphically and in tabulated form. It is also found that the velocity increases while the temperature decreases when the aligned angle of magnetic, interaction of magnetic field, Casson parameter and Local Grashof number increase. The skin friction and Nusselt number increases for all parameters except for Casson nanofluid parameter. For convective boundary condition, Biot number increases when both velocity and temperature profiles increase. The nanoparticles shape of laminar has the highest velocity and temperature while the spherical shape has the lowest for all parameters.

Author Biographies

Fazillah Bosli, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Kedah, 08400 Merbok, Kedah, Malaysia

fazillah@uitm.edu.my

Alia Syafiqa Suhaimi, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

aliasyafiqa250797@gmail.com

Siti Shuhada Ishak, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

shuhada58@gmail.com

Mohd Rijal Ilias, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

mrijal@uitm.edu.my

Amirah Hazwani Abdul Rahim, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Kedah, 08400 Merbok, Kedah, Malaysia

amirah017@uitm.edu.my

Anis Mardiana Ahmad, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Kedah, 08400 Merbok, Kedah, Malaysia

anis513@uitm.edu.my

Downloads

Published

2022-01-21

How to Cite

Fazillah Bosli, Suhaimi, A. S. ., Ishak, S. S. ., Mohd Rijal Ilias, Abdul Rahim, A. H. ., & Ahmad, A. M. . (2022). Investigation of Nanoparticles Shape Effects on Aligned MHD Casson Nanofluid Flow and Heat Transfer with Convective Boundary Condition. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 91(1), 155–171. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.91.1.155171

Issue

Section

Articles