Quadratic Convective Nanofluid Flow at a Three-Dimensional Stagnation Point with the g-Jitter Effect

Authors

  • Sharidan Shafie Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Hidayad Ahmad Kamal Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia
  • Lim Yeou Jiann Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia
  • Noraihan Afiqah Rawi Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia
  • Anati Ali Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.93.2.111124

Keywords:

Quadratic convection, nanofluids, g-jitters, stagnation point flow

Abstract

The nonlinear density variation with temperature happens in many thermal applications like solar collectors, energy production, heat exchangers, and combustions, and it gives a significant impact on heat transfer and fluid flows. Thus, a nonlinear convective of an unsteady stagnation point flow under the influence of gravity modulation in the presence of water-based nanoparticles alumina (Al2O3) is studied here. Suitable variables are utilized to reduce the highly coupled nonlinear governing equations into a system of dimensionless simple partial differential equations. The Keller-box method is then applied to solve the consequent governing equations. Velocity and temperature profiles for various values of pertinent parameters are displayed graphically and discussed. The results indicate that the quadratic convection has enhanced the fluid flow and heat transport. Furthermore, the nonlinear convection parameter and the nanoparticles volume fractions have delivered a positive effect on the skin friction and the rate of heat transfer.

Author Biographies

Sharidan Shafie, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia

sharidan@utm.my

Mohamad Hidayad Ahmad Kamal, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia

mohamadhidayadahmadkamal@gmail.com

Lim Yeou Jiann, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia

jiann@utm.my

Noraihan Afiqah Rawi, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia

noraihanafiqah@utm.my

Anati Ali, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia

anati@utm.my

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Published

2022-03-24

How to Cite

Sharidan Shafie, Ahmad Kamal, M. H. ., Lim Yeou Jiann, Rawi, N. A., & Anati Ali. (2022). Quadratic Convective Nanofluid Flow at a Three-Dimensional Stagnation Point with the g-Jitter Effect. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 93(2), 111–124. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.93.2.111124

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