Potential of Pyrolytic Oil from Plastic Waste as an Alternative Fuel Through Thermal Cracking in Indonesia: A Mini Review to Fill the Gap of the Future Research
Keywords:Plastic waste, pyrolysis process, pyrolytic oil
This article aims to review the potential and feasibility of pyrolytic oil from plastic waste (POPW) as a substitution fuel for conventional fossil fuels. Pyrolytic oil can be generated from plastic waste through the thermal cracking process. In addition to overcoming the global plastic waste problem, recovering plastic waste into alternative fuels can also reduce the consumption of fossil-based fuels. The research on POPW production and utilization of internal combustion engines (ICE) was reviewed and discussed to determine their potential and suitability for fuel substitution. Currently, plastic materials can be easily found in various product packaging, ranging from food and beverage packaging to shopping bags and appliances. When they are no longer utilized, this plastic becomes garbage and will be very harmful to humans and the environment. Therefore, it needs a correct way to proceed and minimize the impact caused by plastic waste. In fact, there are seven types of plastic waste in the polymer groups that must be handled via the pyrolysis process to avoid plastic pollution. literature survey, research on POPW via the pyrolysis process, and its usage is thoroughly found to be booming and growing very rapidly. Co-pyrolysis is known to be the most potential and suitable way to produce high-quality POPW, which is suitable to be used to fuel the ICE and also the stationary industrial engine.