Effect of Electrode Plates on the Engine Performance and Gas Emissions of a Four-Stroke Petrol Engine

Authors

  • Mat Sazilin Ayub Kolej Komuniti Besut, Tingkat 3, Bangunan Baitul Ehsan, Jalan Besar, 22000 Jerteh, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Siti Nurul Akmal Yusof Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, 21300 Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Saiful Bahri Mohamed Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, 21300 Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Mohd Sani Said Department of Polytechnic Education, Politeknik Kota Bharu, KM24, Kok Lanas, 16450 Ketereh, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Yutaka Asako Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Nor Azwadi Che Sidik Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Mohd Shahir Kasim Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Jalan Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Tajuddin Mohamad Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.90.2.90108

Keywords:

Alternative fuel, HHO gas, electrode plates, water electrolysis, engine performance

Abstract

The effectiveness generation of HHO gas depends on the characteristic of the electrode plates. This research aims to investigate the effect of the HHO gas generator produced through the water electrolysis technique. The effect of several controlled factors, such as the number, distance, and area of electrode plates used in the water electrolysis process to produce HHO gas, were studied and analyzed using a factorial full design approach (RBFAD). Stainless Steel of 1 mm thickness has been chosen as an electrode plate material. A single-cylinder four-stroke S.I. engine was used as the test engine. The engine was tested at 16 different setups where the engine speed and exhaust emission of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) gasses were recorded. The statistical significance of these controlled factors contributing to the engine performance and exhaust emission has been established with the analysis of variance. It was found that the number of plates that interacted with a large area of electrode plate is a significant factor that caused an increase in engine speed on an average of 26%, an average reduction in CO by 43%, and a decrease in HC gas by 42%. In conclusion, the higher number of electrode plates and a higher electrode plate area produced more HHO gas that yields completed internal combustion. Thus, it can enhance the engine speed and reduces the CO and HC gas content in exhaust emissions.

Author Biographies

Mat Sazilin Ayub, Kolej Komuniti Besut, Tingkat 3, Bangunan Baitul Ehsan, Jalan Besar, 22000 Jerteh, Terengganu, Malaysia

sazilin@kkbesut.edu.my

Siti Nurul Akmal Yusof, Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, 21300 Terengganu, Malaysia

snakmalyusof@unisza.edu.my

Saiful Bahri Mohamed, Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, 21300 Terengganu, Malaysia

saifulbahri@unisza.edu.my

Mohd Sani Said, Department of Polytechnic Education, Politeknik Kota Bharu, KM24, Kok Lanas, 16450 Ketereh, Kelantan, Malaysia

sani@pmu.edu.my

Yutaka Asako, Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

y.asako@utm.my

Nor Azwadi Che Sidik, Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

azwadi@utm.my

Mohd Shahir Kasim, Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Jalan Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

shahir@utem.edu.my

Ahmad Tajuddin Mohamad, Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

ahmadtajuddin9281@gmail.com

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Published

2022-01-04

How to Cite

Mat Sazilin Ayub, Yusof, S. N. A. ., Saiful Bahri Mohamed, Mohd Sani Said, Yutaka Asako, Che Sidik, N. A. ., Mohd Shahir Kasim, & Mohamad, A. T. (2022). Effect of Electrode Plates on the Engine Performance and Gas Emissions of a Four-Stroke Petrol Engine. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 90(2), 90–108. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.90.2.90108

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